Krav Maga


Ep 10: Cause and Effect

“Let your plans be dark and impenetrable as night, and when you move, fall like a thunderbolt.”
― Sun Tzu, The Art of War


Many courses teach that self defense (or fighting) is only to be used if you need it. One might argue that once you need self defense, it may already too late.

My own interpretation of Sun Tzu is that you must prepare to take the mindset of a villain and strike with unrelenting force. Act quickly and efficiently to put down your enemy.

Causality is the connection of an action (the cause) to a reaction (the effect) of any causal factors.

To put it more simply, for every action there is a reaction.

In relation to fighting, there is always a person in the cause state and another person in the effect state. Or another way of putting it, an action and reaction state.

This can change at any moment in the fight. When an attacker throws a punch, he is then the cause and you are the effect. Even by reacting to the punch thrown, either redirecting it or taking the punch, you are still in a effect/reaction state.

No one is immune to this. When something happens to you, you must react in one way or another.


“The best defense is attack.”

Italian Proverb


What is interesting about this law is that it’s easy to switch from being the effect to the cause.

Let’s keep this in the context of self defense to stay on track. It’s really easy to get into metaphysical debates about this type of stuff which would be a entire side conversation. Feel free to email me or comment if you’d like to get deep about this.

But for now, in terms of self defense, the instant you decide to do something, you are now the cause. You can chose not to fight back, and the effect of that is continuing to allow the attacker to attack you.

Or, you can fight back, becoming the cause and putting the attacker into the effect mindset, forcing them to react to what you are doing.


“Attack is the secret of defense; defense is the planning of an attack.”
― Sun Tzu, The Art of War


Don’t misunderstand me by thinking that all an untrained person must do is take on the cause mindset and they will automatically win. That would be far from reality. However, if you can be efficient, dark, and strike with unrelenting force, you may very well have a chance.

Let me explain “dark”. Sometimes this throws people off… Violence is dark. Causing harm to someone (even if they deserve it) is a violent thing to do. We need to accept that and be okay with the darkness required to be efficiently violent at the time we need it most.

It’s not about how many fancy techniques you know. It’s about your willingness to be the cause and not the effect.

I teach many people Krav Maga and self defense skills. I can tell who’s there for the techniques and the cool factor, and who’s there to become a warrior. The warriors are much more capable of surviving an attack. Even with fewer skills and techniques.

One of the hardest parts of my job (which rings true for every self defense instructor) is to teach people to release the warrior that’s deep inside, to unleash our primal instincts on cue. Instructors can create drills, make people sweat, and feel confident. But what’s hardest to instil in a student is that they have the ability to be, as Sun Tzu puts it, “dark and impenetrable”.


“There’s only one basic principle of self-defense - you must apply the most effective weapon, as soon as possible, to the most vulnerable target.”

Bruce Lee


Here’s some ideas to help you better become the cause while training.

Don’t always wait for your partner (who is playing the attacker role) to issue an attack which you then have to defend. This is creating habits to always be in the effect position. Try to instead attack them while they are preparing to attack you.

As an example, one of the many issues with sparring is the very beginning, touching gloves (along with there being too many rules).

It is taught that out of respect you much touch gloves, create space, and then start fighting. In a sport context, GREAT. Respect is deserved and should be projected. In a self defense class, this should not be an everyday occurrence unless the instructor implicitly states this is a drill, and not a real life scenarios.

Look up street fighting on YouTube. You will find that the majority of participants have a preflight ritual. They talk, create space, circle each other, square off, and then the fight begins.

Don’t do this… If you are about to spar in class, when your partner comes to you to touch gloves, you should be jumping in for a surprise strike to the face followed by multiple kicks, non-stop, until the round is over. You just became the cause.

When you are practicing, don’t do the “I attack you then you attack me” routine that everyone seems to default to. Understandably, you are trying to let the other people have a turn. But you are creating more bad habits.

In any popular action movie, the protagonist gets into a hand-to-hand fight with that antagonist. It’s always a close battle, always on the edge. Watch closely, you will see the hero punch the villain, then the hero stops attacking and the villain strikes back, and so on. I know, I know… It’s a movie. It’s Hollywood! But we are learning through visual osmosis how to fight. Basically you take turns!

Stop doing that. Your strikes should come down like a thunderbolt and be a chaotic, unstoppable force until you have disabled the attacker and can escape.

People won’t like you for this, and your instructor and class setting may prevent you from doing this all of the time. So you may need to find other strategies to avoid making this ritual a habit. As long as you are aware of these limiting factors, you can mitigate your exposure to them.

When it all comes down to it...

In an unavoidable fight you have two options, be the cause or the effect. Which one do you chose?


Ep 9: When it is time for Unrelenting Violence

When It’s Time for Unrelenting Violence


Aren’t we supposed to “turn the other cheek” or take down a bad guy with “just enough” force?


Isn’t teaching violence a “bad” thing to do?


As a Self Defense instructor I am put up against these types of philosophical questions daily. It’s a constant tightrope walk between what’s socially acceptable and the taboos of violence.


Unfortunately there is no escaping that there may come a time when one must channel violence to fight violence. This isn’t about war, or ”fighting” for peace with sticks and guns. I’m talking about that one situation that we all fear, the one that makes your stomach churn even thinking about it.


Imagine waking up with a shadow above your bed, and a gun to your head. An intruder is preparing to do unspeakable things to you and your family.


In such situations, we must forget socially acceptable norms and channel our inner violent monster.


Being as close to law enforcement as I am AND from teaching self defense to 100s of victims of violence, I have heard many stories of both victory and defeat.


One in particular comes to mind, and for the sake of privacy some minor details and names have been altered.


In LA a few years ago, a rapist and murderer was targeting women, first raping and then killing them, and local law enforcement were at a loss to find him.


One night, a woman in her 20s was jogging. At night. Alone. With headphones on. (Sigh… limiting your awareness like this is always a recipe for disaster.)


As she was jogging, someone came out of nowhere and slammed her her head against the wall, pinning her down with unrelenting force. He tore her clothes off as the blood ran down her head. In a daze, she had no clue what was happening. Until she did.


Luckily, she had a decent amount of self defense training behind her, and as that training kicked in, she fought back vehemently. The attacker slammed her to the ground and shoved his fingers into her mouth to shut her up. With the force of a pit bull, she clamped down. The attacker, shocked and paralyzed, took off running.


When the authorities finally showed up, she gave them his finger.


He is now in jail.   


I have other stories, but they don’t have happy endings, so for now, let’s stick with this one.


See, there are two different types of encounters: social aggression and asocial violence.


I stole this idea from Tim Larkins new book, “When Violence is the Answer.” The book is a great read and a great incentive to understand and embody the monster we have deep within us — to summon him/her when the time is right.


Think Hulk.


Social aggression is the “Monkey Dance” as Rory Miller would describe. It’s a social status situation, just like when two guys at a bar pumping their chest, trying to be “bigger” than the other.


Usually there’s talking involved, posturing, and sometimes even flipping the bird.


The social cues start to escalate and a fight breaks loose.


OR maybe someone’s holding a knife to your throat, demanding all of your belongings.


These are, for the most part, social aggression situations that can settled in a non violent manner.


In fact, I would argue that 99.9% of social aggression situations can be avoided completely.


How? Simple. Use your head! Not your ego.


Walk away.


Don’t go to certain areas.


Don’t cause a stir by eyeballing people.


Use verbal Jujitsu and common sense to talk your way out of a fight.


Avoid violence at all costs.


Ready for another couple stories?


Two similar true stories with vastly different outcomes.


Story 1:

There were two guys on a street corner. Cue the monkey dance routine. They were puffing out their chests and calling each other names. Guy #1 struck the opponent and caused him to fall to the cement. Guy #1 then kicked him in the head, neck, and back. His teeth were falling onto the sidewalk and blood was splattering everywhere. It was absolutely terrifying to watch. No one around was helping. Passersby were filming with their phones, but not getting involved. After the guy on the ground was bruised and battered, his attacker finally stopped. The guy gets up off the floor, shoots out a “F$#@ YOU” and walks away, seemingly fine. The fight is over. Status was achieved.


Story 2:

There were two guys in a bar. Cue the monkey dance routine. They were puffing out their chests, and calling each other names. Guy #1 struck the opponent and caused him to fall down. He hit his head on a stool. Immediately, he started to convulse and died within a minute from head trauma. The fight was over. Status was achieved. Guy #1 went to jail for 7 years for involuntary manslaughter.  Guy #2 was dead.


What was the difference between these true stories?


Nothing. They showed the same social aggression scenario. One of them just happened to be luckier than the other.


Could both of these fights been avoided?




Could the guy in the first story could have kept his teeth?




The guy in the second story could have went home to his wife and kids. Instead he’s dead, and the other guy’s in jail.


The moral of the story?


Don’t fight.  


Now onto asocial violence…


This is the mother of all fears.


This is the unassuming bad guy that is efficient and articulate.


This is the systematic approach to killing and violence.


There is no talking.


There are no social cues.


Only violence.


This is the attacker who is already in your house, hiding in the closet, waiting for you to fall asleep so he can slit your throat and do whatever he wants to your family.


This is the person who doesn’t seem to have a soul.


They fantasize about violence, and then they act.


These are the people who commit mass murders in movie theaters, concerts, and schools.


There’s no escaping this person.


There’s no talking your way out of it.


There’s nothing you can do except fight for your life.


This is your worst nightmare.


That is when, and only when, you should unleash your violence — your Hulk.


Just like the jogger in the first story. She was pinned to a wall, beat up. Her clothes being torn off. Talking wasn’t going to work. Screaming will only do so much. So she unleashed her Hulk on the attacker. She threw every move she could at him and ended up biting his finger off. She said it was like biting a carrot. Snap!


In these situations, when facing an imminent threat, we must disregard all social training and deliver more violence than we are receiving. We must outperform the attacker. We can’t match them or give less. If they are committing violence on us, we must commit violence back onto them, but more efficiently.


In earlier podcast and blogs, I referred to people with knives and guns as having a “computer” operating system that controlled the weapons.  


[Side note: in all of history, a knife or a gun has never killed someone]


Weapons don’t kill people; people kill people using weapons, weather that’s with a stick, stone, gun, knife, rocket, gas, car, plane, boat, or with their bare hands.


All of these options are being controlled by the brain, or as I like to call it, the computer.


Without the computer controlling the weapons, the threat no longer exists.


So, what’s our main objective when experiencing asocial violence?


Take out the computer.


This can be done in many ways that don’t require cutting off one's head.


Attached to our brain is a mop of nerves running into every part of our body. These nerves are essentially the same material as our brains and even function the same way. But they are primarily the way the brain communicates with the rest of our body and how our body communicates with our brain.


What happens when you accidently touch a hot stove?


You rapidly pull your hand away, curse, and wonder what the heck just happened.


Many times we don’t even feel the pain until afterward.  Our nerves just told our body to react and they kept us safe. We didn’t need to process any of it.


That is what we can do to the attacker: To effectively bypass his brain and redirect the computer's operating system, we need to cause severe damage and injury to his body.


A few ideas include breaking there  windpipe, kicking the groin until the balls pop, breaking the knee joint, ankle joint, elbow joint, popping the eyeballs, breaking the jaw, sever the spinal cord from the base of the skull by hitting him really hard in the back of the head.


These may seem a bit violent. Good. They are supposed to make you feel uncomfortable.


But this is what it takes to counter violence.


By learning how to be violent and effectively dismantle a bad guy, size doesn’t matter at all.


I have several stories of small teenagers using these principles to survive violent attacks and live another day.


To sum it up:


We need to do everything in our power to negate social aggression and avoid all fighting. You either go to the hospital, jail, or mortuary. It’s just not worth it. Take the high road and avoid it at all costs.


If we are presented with asocial violence, we must do everything in our power to inflict maximum amount of damage back to the attacker. And we must do a better job than them. This is violent and unnatural, but this is how we survive.


Adequate training will give you the tools to use in this type of scenario, so don’t take it for granted.


Train hard like your life depends on it. Because it does…


Ep 8: Why Navy Seal Jocko Willink is Wrong (about Krav Maga)

Hello everyone!


It’s been awhile since our last podcast and I apologize for that. But come on… How can you beat that last Podcast with Eyal Yanilov. It was just too good.


Today I’m going to fight a navy seal. Not physically, or in person, but verbally, and far away.  


Jocko Willink is a Navy Seal, author, speaker, and an all around badass. He’s written amazing books such as Extreme Ownership and Discipline Equals Freedom. As a business owner, I must say Exteme Ownership was a game changer for me. I LOVED IT and I use many of its principals today.


When promoting his book he did an awesome interview on the Tim Ferriss Show Podcast. After that, he did a follow-up video that answered questions from fans. One of the questions asked which self-defense training he recommended, even with limited time, for men and women.


I must say I was let down by his response.


He started off by saying that he thinks you should learn Brazilian Jiu Jitsu first, that  it will teach you how to handle yourself when the combative situation turns into a grappling situation. You’ll be taught how to fight on the ground and get up.


Next he says that Western Boxing will show you how to punch people in the face.


Then Muay Thai so you can learn how to clinch.


Then wrestling to learn takedowns.


THEN if you want to get involved with sticks and knifes… to find martial arts that specialize in it.


Lastly he said that there is no magical system that will teach you how to fight multiple opponents, or an instructor that can solve all the problems, but that Krav Maga deals with these extreme situations more closely.


And to use Krav Maga as an augmentation of Muay Thai and other practices.


Afterwards, he goes on to say that you have time and that  you won’t be attacked tomorrow or next week. You have your whole life to train to prepare for an attack.


While I will be providing some arguments on why he is wrong about this, I do want to say that his assessment is correct if you aren’t planning on getting attacked for a few years.  


AS if any of us PLAN to be attacked…


Here’s the deal… I have a really strong suspicion that Jocko has very limited or poor Krav Maga experience. Otherwise, I think his answers would have been a little different.


Ok, here we go!


#1. Starting off with Brazilian Jiu Jitsu: BJJ is a great system! I train it as well. However, I would argue a few things about using it as your first system. #1 -  it’s a sport. It has rules. By learning a system based on rules first, you will teach your body to abide by those rules. Even in a real fight. Teaching people to fight on the ground and use submissions is in no way something I would recommend to any beginner. In the cage, you are matched up by weight and size. In the street, you are not matched up at all. Your opponent will most likely be larger than you, and taking him to the ground may not be your best move, especially for women or smaller men. I have a student who is a Black Belt BJJ. He got into a bar fight…  and took his opponent to the ground with an arm lock. Good for him! Until the opponent's friends came to help. They started kicking him, breaking multiple ribs, his eye socket and jaw. All while he was stuck on the ground holding someone in an submission.


#2 Western Boxing - Love it! I train this as well. Boxing teaches you how to effectively punch with gloves on, but punching with a boxing technique and without gloves can be problematic and you need to adjust. Another issue with being a beginner and learning boxing is that your opponent is only giving you a single problem… punches. No kicks, knives, chairs, ground, multiple attackers, etc. So it does teach you striking but lacks in a lot of other areas. Again… it's a sport… with lots of rules.


#3 I’ve combined Muay Thai and wrestling. Both are awesome. See, I wasn’t lying when I said I partially agreed with him. All these systems are awesome. I just disagree with the order of learning he suggests. Muay Thai is the art of 8 limbs and teaches you huge strength and how to use all your entire body to break an opponent. Awesome. But it’s  still a sport, with rules, with weight classes, and with a single unarmed opponent. Wrestling is also an amazing “sport.” However, like in the story I told earlier… Are takedowns the most practical thing to teach beginner self-defense students? I’m not sure I’d agree.


He later goes on to say that after you learn these systems, you can branch out to learn stick and weapon defenses. He also claims that there’s no system that teaches everything, including techniques for fighting multiple opponents. Except that Krav Maga delves into all of the above and would be a good system to train on the side.


I’m obviously very biased… But in my experience, from the thousands of students I have taught, you don’t get to choose when you are attacked. You also don’t get to choose your opponent. With that said, I would argue that yes, maybe you will be attacked tomorrow. Or next week. Or next month. We have no idea! So train like it will happen. In my school, Krav Maga XD, we tell our instructors to teach every class as if one student in that class will be attacked on their way home. That way we keep on top of everyone and make them the best they can be.


I would argue that Jocko’s recommended list is not an adequate system for self defense; it’s better used for sports, fitness, hobby, and mental training.


But instead, learn Krav Maga first. It’ll teach you how to hit with all limbs; it’ll teach you dirty fighting and how to survive standing up, or on the ground. It’ll teach you how to face multiple opponents or armed opponents. It’ll teach you how to survive violence. It will educate you on how to avoid and prevent fights (which you don’t get any of that in these other systems).


I want to say this again in case you are fuming at my response. I really do enjoy these other systems; they are critical to one's long-term growth as a self-defense fighter. However,I firmly believe that you should learn a self-defense system like Krav Maga and not a system based on a sport.


I do believe that he would have had a different answer had he been exposed to good Krav Maga.


Unfortunately, 80% of the Krav Maga schools out there are simply offshoots of real Krav with poor instructors. Or, sometimes, they have good instructors teaching a poor krav maga system. So find a good system. like Krav Maga Global, and start training right away. Then when you feel ready - start cross-training. In a future episode, we will talk more about that: When it’s a good time to start cross-training with other fighting systems.


Well, there you have it.


I hope you enjoyed my response to Navy Seal Jocko Willink.


Hopefully he doesn't snipe me in my  sleep…


Ep 6: Self Defense Law - Krav Maga Podcast

Todays podcast is about Self Defense Laws
It’s important that you research and find what laws govern your country and state. I’m my experience in different counties is that they widely differ in self defense. Once, I was in a place that required you by law to flee the situation and not fight back. Basically it was illegal to defend yourself. In another country I visited recently, if the threat had a 9 cal bullet that he was shooting you with, you could not have a higher caliber gun then the threat. Pretty crazy!
Each states varies in some aspects of the law of self defense so do your self a favor and know your states laws. Simply search your state + Self defense laws and you should be able to find what you need.
In the USA, we have a basic right to defend ourselves and others if it’s lawful..
What is Lawful?
California self-defense law requires the following “elements” of the defense to be true:
  1. When you committed your crime, you reasonably believed that you were in imminent danger of being killed, seriously injured, or unlawfully touched;
    1. Some one coming at you with a knife is “imminent”.
    2. Some one saying that someday they will get you and you decide to be preemptive and kill them, that is not imminent.
  2. Reasonably believed that you needed to use force to prevent that from happening, and
    1. The force has to be proportional to the threat...
      1. If some one punches you, you generally cannot shot them.
      2. BUT if some one is punching you to the ground repeatedly and are about to cause you to die or major harm, it may be proportional to use a gun. As long as you can convince the prosecutor that the use of force was reasonable.
  3. Used no more force than was necessary to prevent that from happening.
    1. STOP the attack. Go no further. If you hit the person and they are on the ground crying san begging you to stop. STOP. Once the threat is eliminated  you no longer can lawfully attack them.
The threat (person about to harm you) must show three things; Intent, Means, and Opportunity

Intent: You must be able to explain how you knew the threat was intending to harm you. For example, a threat running at you yelling "I’m going to kill you!" or more subtle ways of eyes glazing over, reaching into his pocket walking towards you fast. No matter what the situation, you need to be able to articulate HOW you knew he was going to hurt you.

Means: They must have the means to harm you. For example, if a threat yells I’m going to shoot you! but is wearing a bathing suit at the beach then they don’t actually have the means to carry out the intent. 

Opportunity: The threat must be able to reach you with the means. If they are locked up in jail with a knife want to kill you, they still don’t have the opportunity because they are locked up.
  1. You can use the same force and laws of self defense to defend others.
  2. We are a stand your ground state. Under CA Law there is no law saying you must retreat even if you have an opportunity to do so. Not all states are stand your ground states. 

You must understand that if you did hit some one on the head with a brick, you committed assault with a deadly weapon. There’s no denying that… Your job now will be to prove that it was justified, because…… You must prove that you had NO CHIOCE. Prove it. Beyond reasonable doubt. You will be found Guilty or Not Guilty. Guilty beyond reasonable doubt or not guilty because some doubt was achieved.
Reasonable belief in threat
In order to plead self-defense successfully, you must have had an honest and reasonable belief that you faced imminent harm and needed to use force to defend yourself. 13 It does not matter whether that belief was correct or not, as long as it was reasonable.
In deciding whether or not your belief was reasonable, the jury is supposed to use what is called an objective standard. This means that they are supposed to ask themselves whether a reasonable person in your shoes would have believed they were in danger – not whether you personally believed you were in danger.

Now, that was criminal law. Just because you weren’t found guilty of harming the threat in a criminal case, the threat can sue you in a civil case for damages. In this suite, the plaintiff will show tangible evidence that they were harmed (injuries, medical bills, time off work, etc). If the jury decides that you didn’t absolutely HAVE to cause those injuries you may have to pay punitive damages. The goal here is to prove to the jury that the treat left you NO choice  and that the harm he received was because of his actions.   These cases guilty or not, are very expensive. Self Defense Law is a specialty and make a living off these cases. Something to consider is to find a good attorney to have on retainer. It’s always good to have some one to call if/when something happens.

Ep 5: What is more dangerous, gun or a knife? - Krav Maga Podcast

This is a semi loaded question. Obviously, if there is gun to your head or a knife to your throat it doesn’t matter which is more dangerous at that moment. All that matters is that you survive no matter what. 

But if we decided to break down knife vs gun threats, or attacks we can really see deep inside the problem and discuss certain theories.

Let’s start with the pistol and lets not talk about rifles at the moment sense they are long range and not typically close hand to hand range like a knife or even a pistol are.

Guns are amazing tools. They allow you to shoot a target at a close, medium, and semi far distance. They don’t need a lot of skill to be fired or used as a tool of intimidation.

Knifes on the other hand you must be close. But knifes are amazing weapons to because they never jam. They never need to reloaded. They are easily concealed. And they a cheap and easily to get. 

Pistols are “less” personal as a knife is a very personal attack. What I mean is, you have to be up close to stab some one with a knife. You have to manually push a knife into someone while they are screaming in your ear and pull the knife out and do it again. A gun you press a trigger. I’m not saying it’s easy to press the trigger...

This is my opinion and the opinion of some o my colleges, students, and LE officer I work with and you may disagree and that’s fine.

But I would rather have a gun to my hear then a knife to my throat, any day.

I am competent at defending both of them pretty equally. But I would rather NOT have the person who is mentally willing/able to jam a knife into my body repeatedly in front of me and the person who would take a more impersonal approach of a pistol.

When I redirect a pistol, the pistol will MOST likely be jammed. Especially if a shot goes off. I make sure to keep the muzzle pointed away from me while establishing control and all is good (kind of). 

When I redirect a knife, there is no “dead” knife. It’s always “hot” or active. Who knows how the struggle will go… 

But stil, the person who hold a knife and if willing to use it is, in my opinion, more dangerous then the person holding a gun.

Now, obviously there are a lot of situation and aspects we can look into to debate this but I’m trying to make this as general as I can for the sake of comparison. Can a knife attacker take out a crowd of people as easily as a gunman? Probably not. So in that sense, a gun may be more dangerous. And we can argue the things all day long. But the main factor was to bring up the phycology of the person who is attacking and I think we have.

Now, to go even more in depth. What is more dangerous, the knife, the gun, or the person?

I would argue strongly that it’s the person. Let’s refer to the attacker as the “computer” and the weapon as a program or app. 

If we take out the computer, we take out the weapons as well. A knife laying on the ground isn’t dangerous. at all. zero. Knifes cannot, stand up, run at you, and dive into your stomach by them selves. So therefore, knives (or guns) are NOT dangerous. It’s the person who is using them.

So, here’s my point. Take out the computer.

Don’t put 100% of your focus on the weapon. Now, obviously, not getting shot or stabbed is a great bonus. But if like many Martial Arts, you only concentrate on the weapon and grab on, while flipping the attacker in the air, and doing a spin while disarming the attacker, you are going to fail. However, you you focus on attacking the attacker, you will survive. You may sustain injuries. But you have a much higher chance of survival. 

Put it this way… If a had someone come to me right now and say, “I’m going to be attacked today by a knife welder and I only have 10 minutes to train with you!!!”

If I couldn’t give him a gun… or a knife.. or police backup or anything else I would teach him violence of action and the idea of “turing off the computer”. There’s no way he would be able to learn and be proficient and knife disarms and techniques in that short amount of time - he would just focus on the knife to much and not the computer that holding the knife. If he went it with 100% sticking power to the throat, knees, or groin, he will turn off the computer. May get cut a couple of times, but he his chances of serving and winning that fight are much higher... Now if I taught him him a knife take away technique, how do you think he would do? . 

I hope this little insight was thought provoking and useful to spark some questions and conversation. 

Fallow us on
Check out Krav Maga global at


Ep 4: Fighting Back (and why we should) - Krav Maga Podcast

The Truth about fighting Back
For more go to

Is resistance an effective strategy for preventing crime?


Almost all studies show that resistance is successful in preventing the completion of a personal crime.  This holds true in rape, robbery, and assault (23).  Resistance is an especially effective tactic in preventing most rapes.  A woman who physically resists a rapist doubles her chance of escaping rape (24). and that even includes NOT having proper training.
Woman with self defense training have outstanding odds. In fact, 
 sociologist Jocelyn Hollander did a study and           looks at the outcomes for 117 college students who received this self-defense training versus a control group of 169 students who did not. Of those, seventy-five from the first group and 108 from the second agreed to take part in a follow-up survey or interview.
The results are clear: a much lower percentage of the women who took the self-defense class reported incidents of unwanted sexual contact than the women who did not take the class
These are some statistical percentages of victim’s success in avoiding rape during an attack with different methods.


– Victims crying or pleading were raped 96% of the time

– Victims who loudly screamed were raped between 44% and 50% of the time

– Victims who ran were raped 15% of the time

– Victims who forcefully resisted (without a weapon) were raped 14% of the time

– Women who resisted with knives or guns were raped less than 1% of the time

Now, lets talk about if the attacker has a firearm.

Most criminals don’t have very reliable high end guns. Most don’t even have the money to buy ammo for it as they would rather buy drugs with the money they are trying to steel from you then ammunition.
It’s even known that if a criminal steels or acquires a high end fire arm they would rather sell it for the money then use it.

The article states that thirty percent of robberies are committed with unloaded guns.  An additional ten to fifteen percent of the firearms used in crimes are replica, toy, or BB guns (3).  That means that almost half of the guns used in crimes are unloaded or fake! They also show that 41% of the guns seized by the police from criminals don’t even work or are fakes!

Guns are extremely load and even drugged up criminals know that the sound of a shot is an easy way to get noticed. Most criminals are reluctant to fire the weapon as only 4.6% of victims in a violent crime with a firearm were actually shot.

Knives are a different story. They are quiet and easy to use, cheap, no reloading or ammo and extremely dangerous.
Knifes were used to cut or stab victims 12.7% of violent crimes.

If you are shot the studies show that 92% of gunshot victims are discharged from the hospital alive. 47% of them are discharged the same day. 

Overall, firearms assaults have a lethality rate of 5.4%.  Knife assaults kill victims in 1.1% of cases.  These statistics can be compared with a .06% lethality rate for assaults using bodily weapons (hands, feet, etc) (11).

1)      U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. “Weapon Use and Violent Crime”, September 2003..  NCJ 194820.

2)      Wright, Richard T, and Decker, Scott H. Armed Robbers in Action. Northeast University Press.  1997.  Pg. 97.

3)      Hockheim, Hock, Unarmed Versus The Knife.  Lauric Press.  2001.

4)      U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. “Weapon Use and Violent Crime”, September 2003.  NCJ 194820.

5)      U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. “Weapon Use and Violent Crime”, September 2003..  NCJ 194820.

6)      U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. “Weapon Use and Violent Crime”, September 2003..  NCJ 194820.

7)      Wright, James D. and Rossi, Peter H. Armed and Considered Dangerous, Aldine de Gruyter, 1986.

8)      U.S Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.  “Firearm Injury and Death from Crime, 1993-1997”.  November 2001.  NCJ 182993.

9)      U.S Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.  “Firearm Use by Offenders”.  October 2000.  NCJ 189369.

10)  U.S Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.  “Firearm Injury and Death from Crime, 1993-1997”.  November 2001.  NCJ 182993

11)  Harris, Thomas, Fisher, and Hirsh. “Murder and Medicine: The Lethality of Criminal Assault 1960-1999”. 2001.

12)  U.S Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, ““Criminal Victimization in the United States, 1999 Statistical Tables”, NCJ 184938, Table 68.

13)  Lott, John R.  More Guns Less Crime.  University of Chicago Press.  2000.  Pp 3-4.

14)  Caparatta, Paul.  Merchants at War.  Varro Press.  1998.  Pp. 24-25.

15)  Campbell, Anne.  Men, Women, and Aggression.  Basic Books.  1993.  Pg. 102.

16)  U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. “Weapon Use and Violent Crime”, September 2003.  NCJ 194820.

17)  Bachman, Saltzman, Thompson, and Carmody, “Disentangling the Effects of Self-Protective Behaviors on the Risk of Injury in Assaults Against Women”.  Journal of Quantitative Criminology, Vol. 18, No 2, June 2002.

18)  Ghiglieri, Michael P.  The Dark Side of Man.  Perseus Books.  1999.

19)  Bachman, Saltzman, Thompson, and Carmody, “Disentangling the Effects of Self-Protective Behaviors on the Risk of Injury in Assaults Against Women”.  Journal of Quantitative Criminology, Vol. 18, No 2, June 2002

20)  Michaud and Hazelwood.  The Evil That Men Do.  St. Martins True Crime.  1999.

21)  Siegel, Sorenson, Golding, Burnham, and Stein.  “Resistance to Sexual Assault: Who Resists and What Happens?”  American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 79, No. 1, January 1989.

22)  Kleck and Sayles.  “Rape and Resistance” Social Problems.  Vol. 37.  No. 2. 1990.

23)  Bachman, Saltzman, Thompson, and Carmody, “Disentangling the Effects of Self-Protective Behaviors on the Risk of Injury in Assaults Against Women”.  Journal of Quantitative Criminology, Vol. 18, No 2, June 2002

24)  Ghiglieri, Michael P.  The Dark Side of Man.  Perseus Books.  1999

25)  U.S Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, “Criminal Victimization in the United States, 1999 Statistical Tables”, NCJ 184938, Table 72.

26) Katz, Jack.  Seductions of Crime. 1988.  Page 180.

27) Kane and Wilder.  The Little Black Book of Violence.  YMAA Publication Center. 2009.  Page 217.


Ep 3: Freezing in a Fight - Krav Maga Podcast

Freezing in a fight is one of the biggest fears I find in myself and my students. We train hard to try and eliminate the fear of freezing but when it boils down to it, we can’t eliminate freeze but we can decrease it’s power over us with proper training, understanding, and knowledge of this topic.

Let’s cover the different types of freezes there are according to Rory Miller in “Facing Violence”.

Bye the way, I did not invent these ideas. This is my interpretation, research, and takeaway from Rory Miller’s Facing Violence and my own experiences.

Types of Freezes

Tactical Freeze.
This is when you freeze on purpose to not expose yourself (you freeze to not be noticed) or to gather more information (you feel something is wrong so you freeze to gather information to find the problem.

Also a strategic way to use this freeze is while in a situation where you freeze (or stop interacting) with the threat to let them cool down. But not  if the fight has already started. This is more of a pre fight strategy. 

You must be aware of this freeze and be able to snap out of it at anytime when the situation starts to progress or change.  For example, if you freeze to be unnoticed (which is very instinctual, just look at animals when they are “caught” in the act of seeking up on you during play, they freeze hoping you don’t notice.), you must be able to recognise when situation has changed so that you get out of the freeze. Sometimes we don’t know if we are in this freeze on purpose or if our body is doing it automatically.

Physiological Freeze.
This is the time when your body is switching form passive mode to fight mode. Some people transition faster then others, usually depends on training and previous encounters. This is why when we train we train techniques and counter simultaneously or near simultaneous to shorten time to transition to fight mode. It is important to turn into the fighter as soon as possible. 

Non-Cognitave Metal Freeze.
This is the freeze where you think you know what to do or what is going on and it suddenly changes. For example, you're walking someone you know out of a heated argument and you suddenly you find a knife in your stomach with the attacker repeatedly stabbing you. This freeze is similar to you needing to switch gears again and into the fighter. The situation is not what we were expecting. We were expecting to walk out calmly when instead we are fighting for our life. This is a tough freeze to get out of but can be done. Miller says from his studies it usually takes two actions to snap out of the freeze. Any actions that you purposely do can regain your mental function and enable you to break the freeze. 

Cognitive Freeze.
Too many attacks happening at once. Our brain is trying to analyse each swing coming at us and decide an appropriate response. But if what we are analysing is disrupted by another attack we can’t finish the analysis and continue to try to analyse what is happening. Causing us to freeze. Too many things happening at once and we can’t figure out what’s happening causing a sensory overload. It’s our thought process that is causing us to freeze. Sometimes, asking ourselves what is happening or why is it happening is another cause of this freeze. This is a critical time to try and STOP your thoughts and instead ACT. Once you are acting, then you can think, but every second spent thinking about what is happening or why it’s happening is allowing more damage to ensue on yourself. Sometimes, a problems occur with MA training. If a fight isn’t going exactly how we trained it to go, our brains automatically try to make sense of what is happening, causing us to freeze. One way we try to solve this is by having the attacker always act differently when you are defending in training, expanding the possible scenarios and not creating a habit.

Social Cognitive Freeze.
I can see this being a very common freeze among typical people. We are raised and conditioned with rules and laws of violence. We get punished when we hit a kid at school. We get penalised when we hurt someone in a sport. We are are told in school we can’t hit first. We get arrested if we hurt someone else. We are raised and condition NOT to cause harm to anyone.
So when a violent attacker that isn’t bound by these rules confronts us, we freeze because we are not used to this way of thinking. We aren’t able to “switch” as fast as we’d like to combat warrior mode because frankly, we aren’t. We are not raised or conditioned that way. In the old days kids were raised and hunters and warriors to keep the tribe alive. Now, we are raised to follow the rules and make money to provide for our family - typically with out violence.

Also, a lack of confidence is associated with this freeze. Any doubt we have in our training gets magnified. When we think it’s not going to work or that you can’t pull it off, your fate is already decided. Now confidence isn’t that same as ability. Some people may have the confidence and not have the ability, not helping the situation any better. The goal is to instil confidence in what we do allowing the ability to come with training. 

Getting un Frozen.
Freezing is natural and will happen to all of us if we are caught off guard. We will mostly likely experience freezing in a sudden and expected violent enchant. Usually if people are arguing and squaring up to fight, freezing is a lot less common because it’s not sudden and altering your state of mind.

Rory Miller explains these simple steps to get out of the freeze. 

Step 1: Know you are frozen
Step 2: Make yourself do something
Step 3: Repeat Step 

Much easier said then done. But now that we understand the freeze better, we will be much better at lessoning the time the freeze has on us.

Good luck with your training!

Book recommendation in this Podcast: FACING VIOLENCE 

Ep 2: We Should Start Self Defense Training at an Early Age - Krav Maga Podcast

If I were the president of the United States my first order of business would be to start a mandatory self-defense policy at age 12. In the beginning, people would probably oppose this idea and want to rebel against it. But the long term the results would be astounding. Imagine the statistical anomaly that would happen if every kid learned self-defense techniques and concepts at the early age of 12. Did you know that 1 in 3 females are estimated to be attacked or molested in some way? Mostly this occurs between the ages of 12-17. That is terrible and shocking thing to consider. What do you think the number would be if every child had the self-confidence, knowledge, and understanding of self-defense, and knew how to stand up for themselves? I think that the statistics would change dramatically.

Next, let’s talk about predators and prey. Most attacks on adults (and kids) are premeditated. Attackers scope out the “kill” and plan their attack. They look for the odd person out of the herd. The person that is timid, shy, and weak. The person who doesn’t make eye contact and who would never know they are coming. The person who wouldn’t put up a good fight. Is this you? Training in self-defense fighting not only teaches you how to carry yourself but it gives you confidence that you would never get from anything else. Knowing that you CAN fight back and have options would make you walk a little different, wouldn’t you say? Knowing that you can fight 3 people at once, defend knife stabs, gun threats and tackles will undoubtedly make stand taller. You would make more eye contact, abolish your timidness and gain massive mental and physical strength.

In Israel, every citizen, man or woman, must serve in the army. Something interesting shows when we compare their crime rates and statistics with ours.

The crime rate in Tel Aviv, Israel (the Los Angeles/Orange County of Israel) is 33.56% when in Los Angeles it’s 51.96%. And Israel scores a higher safety scale of 66.44 when LA gets a 48.04 in safety.

Interesting? Every woman and man has had fight training to some extent and can fight back. This makes the attacker’s odds a little lower. Just knowing that anyone who gets attacked knows how to fight back automatically decreases the crime rate. In fact, most of the crime happens to tourists. Why? Because THEY DON’T TRAIN.

So yes, I believe if we were able to get every person into some sort of self-defense training, we would dramatically decrease child molestation and adult crimes in the USA. It could be as easy as making it part of the PE class requirements in middle school and it has the potential to help many young people gain the skills they need to stay safe, right through to adulthood.


Ep 1: Mental Training - Shortening Reaction Time - Krav Maga Podcast

Krav Maga XD in Costa Mesa's Joey Karam is podcasting on the subject of Mental Training.

Title: Mental Training and Negative Visualization- Shortening Reaction Time—Episode 001

Date- May 24, 2015

You may not have the time every day to physically train, but you do have the time every day to mentally train. 

It is essential to master the way we think and prepare for attacks. If we are not mentally prepared, it is going to be difficult to perform well when being
attacked no matter your level of physical skills.

HOW do we mentally train?

We call it shortening freeze time. The Stoics called it Negative Visualization.

It is a very good drill to perform because it allows you to anticipate mentally the steps you need to be successful in ANY given situation. You can use it
in physical training, in your work life, in your relationships….

Freeze Time-the time you are literally “frozen” in a situation without knowing what to do.

Basically, what you are doing is taking any given situation and imagining it from absolute worst- case scenario to absolute best-case scenario outcomes.
The more that you visualize and mentally prepare yourself, the better composed you will be when you encounter the actual situation.

Example Drill:

Imagine you are in a doctor’s office and are the farthest person from the exit. There are people between you and the exit. A knife-wielding crazy person
comes in off the street and is going to attack and kill everyone.

Through several steps, your worst-case scenario starts with the criminal killing everyone, including yourself.

In each successive reiteration, you imagine then that you fight him but he still kills you, then you fight him and he runs away but kills everyone else,
then you fight him and keep him from killing 2 people but you’re still injured, then you fight him and you save everyone but you’re still injured, then you
fight him as soon as he walks in, save everyone and you’re on the news as a hero. This last one is your best-case scenario.

You can break this down further into tinier and tinier steps and really drill down to mentally prepare yourself for every step you would need to take to
result in the best case outcome.

Recommended Frequency:

As often as you can. You can do this silently in your head at any time, such as in the grocery store line, while waiting on hold, while walking your
dogs, etc.

Recommended Reading:
A Guide to the Good Life-The Ancient Art of Stoic Joy (Wm. B. Irvine)

Recommended Reading in this show: A Guide to the Good Life-The Ancient Art of Stoic Joy (Wm. B. Irvine)

People Mentioned in the show: Eyal Yanilov